Best Gastro Doctor in Hyderabad | Dr. Dhiraj Agrawal

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammation of digestive or GI (gastrointestinal) tract. The digestive tract includes mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. The important function to break down food, nutrients extraction and removing any unused material and waste from the items we intake. Prolonged digestive or GI (gastrointestinal) tract inflammation can damage digestive or GI (gastrointestinal) tract.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) are different from each other. Although symptoms are similar.

Bloating, on and off stomach pain, gas, diarrhea, blood in stool, weight loss due to malabsorption, anemia due to malnutrition are the initial symptoms of the Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Types of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

There are three major types of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD):

  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Indeterminate colitis

Its always important to understand the types before starting treatment for any of these three types of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - Crohn's disease, Ulcerative colitis and Indeterminate Colitis. Crohn's diseases, Ulcerative colitis and Indeterminate Colitis these three are chronic disease.

  • Crohn's disease affect any where in the gastrointestinal tract. It may not be limited to the only gastrointestinal (GI) tract (simultaneously will be affecting the liver, skin, eyes, and joints).
  • Ulcerative colitis (UC) only affects the lining of the large intestine. Men and women both are affected equally.

Symptoms of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) signs and symptoms vary, there are some general symptoms that may indicate Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), listed below:-

  • Pain in abdomen
  • Feeling fullness in stomach
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Unwanted weight loss
  • Diarrhea (bloody and containing mucus or pus)
  • Mouth ulcers or sores
  • Very low appetite
  • Anal fissures and rectal bleeding
  • Stomach ulcers

Diagnosing Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has physical findings that affect body systems including Pain in abdomen, Feeling fullness in stomach, Fever and fatigue, Unwanted weight loss, Diarrhea (bloody and containing mucus or pus), Mouth ulcers or sores, Very low appetite, Anal fissures and rectal bleeding, Stomach ulcers.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment depends on type and its cause. It’s very important to find the cause and extent of damage in guiding treatment.

Diagnosing Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD):

Depending on symptoms, we will ask about medical history, any family history of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), drinking and eating habits, taking any prescription or over-the-counter medications, including vitamins and supplements. To Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) type, we may recommend:

  • Blood Test - to find out the anemia and infection
  • Stool Test - to rule out the possibility of bacterial, viral, or parasitic causes of diarrhea
  • X-rays with barium swallow - abnormality will reflect in film
  • CT and MRI Scan - to find out fistulas in the small intestine or anal canal area.

Common Disorders of the Pancreas

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can cause some discomfort, but there are ways you can manage the disease and still live a healthy, active lifestyle. The most common treatments are medications and surgery.

Medications:- anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-inflammatory steroids, Immune suppressors and Biologic therapies can be used in beginning.

Lifestyle choices and changes:- eating healthy foods, exercising regularly, quit smoking.

Supplements:- vitamin and mineral supplements can help with nutritional deficiencies.

  • Surgery - in some major patients, surgery may be necessary to treat IBD and its complications
  • Stricturoplasty for widening a narrow bowel
  • Closing or removing of fistulas
  • Removing the affected portions of the intestines, for Crohn’s disease patients
  • Removaing the entire colon and rectum, for ulcerative colitis patients