Best Gastro Doctor in Hyderabad | Dr. Dhiraj Agrawal

Liver is an organ that executes multiple tasks related to metabolism, fights infection, cleans your blood, energy storage, and detoxification of waste. The liver is essential for digesting food, convert it to energy, and store it for your body. Most important; Liver also helps to filter toxic substances. A Healthy Liver can grow back or regenerate when damaged.

Liver disorder or disease is a condition that will be affecting your liver. There are many different types of liver disorders (diseases), these can develop for different reasons, but they can all damage your liver:-

  • Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C these diseases caused by viruses
  • Fatty liver disease and Liver Cirrhosis, these diseases caused by poisons, drugs, or too much alcohol
  • Alcoholic hepatitis caused by drinking too much alcohol
  • Wilson disease and Hemochromatosis, these disease are genetic (Inherited)
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) caused by drinking little or no alcohol, obesity, gastric bypass surgery, high cholesterol and type 2 diabetes (based on the research)
  • Liver Cancer caused by prolonged Liver malfunctions

Other problems include heartburn, cancer, eosinophilic esophagitis, Cricopharyngeal incoordination, Diffuse esophageal spasm, Dysphagia

Types of Liver Disease

  • Alagille Syndrome
  • Alcohol-Related Liver Disease
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Benign Liver Tumors
  • Biliary Atresia
  • Cirrhosis
  • Crigler-Najjar Syndrome
  • Galactosemia
  • Gilbert Syndrome
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Hepatorenal Syndrome
  • Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP)
  • Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency (LAL-D)
  • Liver Cysts
  • Liver Cancer
  • Newborn Jaundice
  • Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
  • Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis
  • Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC)
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC)
  • Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis (PFIC)
  • Reye Syndrome
  • Type I Glycogen Storage Disease
  • Wilson Disease

Treatment of Liver Disease

Liver disorders (diseases) have physical findings that affect body systems including the heart, lungs, abdomen, skin, brain and cognitive function, and other parts of the nervous system.

Liver disease treatment depends on stage and its cause. Many liver diseases are chronic, they can last for years. Even chronic liver diseases can usually be managed. It’s very important to find the cause and extent of liver damage in guiding treatment.

Diagnosing Liver Disease:

Depending on symptoms, we will ask about medical history, any family history of liver problems, drinking and eating habits, taking any prescription or over-the-counter medications, including vitamins and supplements. Once we’ve collected all these information, we may recommend:

  • Blood tests: Liver function tests can be used to diagnose liver disease. Other blood tests can be done to look for specific liver problems or genetic conditions. Prothrombin time test, which measures how long it takes your blood to clot, due to acute liver failure, blood doesn't clot as quickly as it should.
  • Imaging tests: To understand liver damage and figure out what’s the cause. We may recommend - an ultrasound, CT Scan and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Biopsy or Tissue analysis: We will remove a tissue sample (biopsy) from liver may help diagnose liver disease and further look for signs of liver damage.

Some Common Liver Diseases

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a viral infection of liver; identified by 5 unique hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D, and E. It causes inflammation of liver and liver damage, obstructing liver function. Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world but other infections, toxic substances (e.g. alcohol, certain drugs), and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis. Hepatitis is contagious, but risk can be reduced by getting vaccinated for types A and B or taking other preventive steps.

Hepatitis A is most often transmitted through consumption of contaminated water or food. Certain sex practices can also spread.

Hepatitis B spread through infective blood, semen, and other body fluids. Its can be transmitted from infected mothers to infants at the time of birth or from family member to infant in early childhood.

Hepatitis C is mostly transmitted through exposure to infective blood. This may happen through transfusions of HCV-contaminated blood and blood products, contaminated injections during medical procedures, and through injection drug use.

Hepatitis D is a serious form of hepatitis that only develops in people with hepatitis B — it can’t be contracted on its own.

Hepatitis E is usually caused by consumption of contaminated water or food.It is increasingly recognized as an important cause of disease in developed countries.

Symptoms of Liver Disease

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Liver disease signs and symptoms vary, there are some general symptoms that may indicate liver disease, listed below:-

  • Yellowish skin and eyes (Jaundice)
  • Pale stool, bloody or black stool
  • Less or Loss of appetite
  • Pain in abdomen and swelling
  • Legs and ankles swelling
  • Extreme tiredness or Feeling exhausted
  • Dark urine
  • Irritating sensation or Skin problems, such as acne, itching, psoriasis and eczema
  • Easy Contusions or Bleeding easily
  • Stomach issues after eating, such as bloating, gas, nausea and vomiting
  • Frequently getting headaches, acid reflux & heartburn
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • severe reaction due to bleach, perfume, paint

Stages of Liver Damage

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Fatty Liver

Stage 1:- In the early stages, your liver will be inflamed and could be tender. Or it may not bother you at all

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Liver Fibrosis

Stage 2:-If you don’t treat the inflammation, it will cause scarring. It stops blood flow, which keeps the obstructing healthy parts and further damage them also.

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Cirrhosis

Stage 3:-The scar tissue takes over and further damage healthy parts, in this case liver won’t work well, or it won’t work at all.

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Liver Failure

Stage 4:- End-stage : This develop several conditions, like swollen liver, internal bleeding, loss of kidney functions, lung disease and fluid formation.